While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Dick Smith and Laurie E. Jasinski

ADJUTANT GENERAL. The present state office of adjutant general was established by the Texas legislature in 1905. A similar office existed under the Republic of Texas but was abolished in 1840. It was reestablished as a state office in 1846, but activities were limited to the verification of veterans' land claims. The office operated intermittently from 1846 until 1905. The adjutant general, appointed by the governor for a two-year term, heads the Adjutant General's Department. He is assisted by two assistant adjutants general, who are appointed by the governor upon his recommendation. All three officials must have previous military service and at least ten years' experience as commissioned officers in an active unit of the Texas National Guard. The adjutant general serves as the governor's aide in supervising the military department of the state. Responsibilities include providing military aid to state civil authorities and furnishing trained military personnel from the state's military forces-the Texas State Guard, the Texas Army National Guard, and the Texas Air National Guard-in case of national emergency or war. The Adjutant General's Department is located at Camp Mabry in Austin. In the early 1990s annual working budgets totaled over $14 million.

Seymour V. Connor, "A Preliminary Guide to the Archives of Texas, " Southwestern Historical Quarterly 59 (January 1956).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Dick Smith and Laurie E. Jasinski, "ADJUTANT GENERAL," accessed July 15, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/mba01.

Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...