MCALLEN INTERNATIONAL MUSEUM
MCALLEN INTERNATIONAL MUSEUM. McAllen International Museum, an art and science museum in McAllen, began through the efforts of a dedicated group of Junior Service League women who approached the McAllen City Commission with a successful proposal for the city's first museum. An instructor in the art department at Edinburg Junior College, Rudolph Pharis, was one of the leaders responsible for planning the museum, which was chartered in June 1967. Operations started in 1969 in a 5,000-square-foot facility renovated by volunteers. MIM was accredited in 1985. In a city bond election in June 1974 McAllen citizens voted to construct the present 21,000-square-foot museum building. The board of trustees initiated a fund-raising campaign for $400,000 for exhibits, furnishings, and landscaping, and the new building was dedicated on July 2, 1976. The building and grounds are maintained by the city; the contents and operations of the museum are under the administration of a thirty-member board. The city provides about 40 percent of the annual budget, and the rest is raised through memberships and fund-raisers. During the first decade of operation the museum's permanent acquisitions were in the arts, history, and the sciences. In 1982 the board narrowed its focus to the arts and sciences. Both exhibitions of the permanent collection and traveling exhibitions are changed every four to eight weeks, so that the museum mounts more than thirty exhibitions annually.
The collecting emphasis in the arts is on Mexican folk art and contemporary art of the region. An annual acquisitions allocation provides money for two or three collecting trips to Mexico each year. A collection of fine contemporary prints, largely American and European, has been acquired through gifts and purchases. In 1979 a collection of twenty-one European paintings, dating from the sixteenth through the nineteenth centuries, was donated. The science collections consist primarily of rocks, minerals, and seashells; the museum maintains a traveling hands-on science exhibit for children. A docent program provides tours, projects, and lectures for more than 15,000 schoolchildren annually. The museum's first major publication, Changing Faces: Mexican Masks in Transition, was published in 1985 in conjunction with a traveling exhibit organized by the museum staff. The museum's Rosita C. Alcorn Library houses 2,000 volumes including a strong Latin-American art reference section. In 1993 the museum collection totaled about 6,000 pieces, the museum had a staff of seventeen, and 80,000 visitors attended.
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Lori Jacobson, "McAllen International Museum," accessed July 28, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/lbm08.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.