sidebar menu icon


HALE INSTITUTE. Hale Institute was just north of Rusk in Cherokee County, on a prominence originally known as Guinn Hill. Joseph L. Hogg donated the land, and Moses W. McKnight, working under an arrangement with Hogg and using his own money, built five two-room buildings on the site. Hogg and McKnight envisioned the development of a college; locals referred to McKnight's school as the College Hill school. When anticipated financial support did not materialize, the plan to make the school into a college was abandoned. Poor health forced McKnight to give up teaching several months before his death, on January 1, 1858. No school record for 1858 has been found. In 1859 Milton P. Tucker was operating Hale Institute in the rooms built by McKnight, and the Rusk newspaper expressed hope that "a college edifice" would soon be built. No more structures were erected, however, and the school closed when Tucker enlisted for Confederate service. During the war one of the buildings was used for another private school taught by a Mrs. Thompson. Among the students who attended Hale Institute were Thomas E. Hogg and John B. Long.

Hattie Joplin Roach, A History of Cherokee County (Dallas: Southwest, 1934).
Mary M. Standifer

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Mary M. Standifer, "Hale Institute," accessed October 20, 2017,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.