While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


DuBose Murphy
Texas Military Institute Episcopal School of Texas
Texas Military Institute Episcopal School of Texas. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
James Steptoe Johnston
James Steptoe Johnston. Courtesy of TMI The Episcopal School of Texas. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
1928 Graduates of the Texas Military Institute, San Antonio
1928 Graduates of the Texas Military Institute, San Antonio. Courtesy of the San Antonio Academy of Texas. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

WEST TEXAS MILITARY ACADEMY. West Texas Military Academy was founded in San Antonio, Texas, in 1893, by Bishop James S. Johnston with the aid of gifts from Mrs. Edward Cunningham of San Antonio and Mrs. George P. Andrews of Brooklyn, New York. The first building that opened on October 3, 1893, was located on Grayson Street, not far from Fort Sam Houston. On September 13, 1911, the academy moved to a new location in Alamo Heights, where an attractive building was erected. This proved to be a rather ambitious step, and for some years the financial condition of the school was precarious. By 1917 there was a heavy debt, but better administration kept the deficit from growing, and in 1921 the Episcopal Diocese of West Texas conducted a financial campaign, which succeeded in reducing the indebtedness. On June 13, 1926, the academy combined with San Antonio Academy with W. W. Bondurant as superintendent. The name was changed to Texas Military Institute, San Antonio. The former building of the San Antonio Academy on North Flores Street was used by the Lower School, and the buildings of the West Texas Academy in Alamo Heights were occupied by the Upper School. In a period when good secondary education for boys was hard to obtain, West Texas Military Academy made a real contribution. Many army officers stationed at Fort Sam Houston sent their sons to the academy, and there are many distinguished names on the roll of former students, including that of Douglas MacArthur. On June 27, 1936, the Episcopal Diocese of West Texas sold the school to Bondurant, whose family owned the Texas Military Institute, San Antonio, until the Episcopal Diocese repurchased the facility on July 1, 1952, and renamed it TMI-The Episcopal School of Texas.  General Douglas MacArthur, an 1897 graduate, visited the school on June 15, 1951, during a speaking tour. The school expanded registration to include the first female students in 1972, and the first male civilian students in 1974.  The Alkek Campus opened in northwest San Antonio on March 30, 1989.  The school held centennial celebrations in 1993 and the campus expanded during the 2000s to include new residence halls and All Saints Chapel.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, DuBose Murphy, "WEST TEXAS MILITARY ACADEMY," accessed July 07, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/kbw10.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on September 15, 2017. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...