- Get Involved
UNION ACADEMY. Union Academy, one of Texas's earliest educational institutions, was incorporated by the Fourth Congress of the Republic of Texas on February 4, 1840. It was owned by a stock company and located three miles from Washington-on-the-Brazos. The original trustees and incorporators were James G. Swisher, Horatio Chriesman, Ephraim Roddy, William Lockridge, Jesse B. Atkinson, Stephen R. Roberts, Samuel P. Brown, Isom G. Belcher, and Adolphus Hope. The academy's aim was to provide education for youth, regardless of political or religious affiliation. This private school, the fifth educational institution chartered by the Republic of Texas, exemplified the interest of the Texan government in education as well as its dependence on private efforts to promote that objective. This early school, which only operated until the first of 1843, had one teacher, Henry Flavel Gillette. A board of five to fifteen trustees oversaw Union Academy's operations. These trustees were elected by all school subscribers. Union Academy was the only school chartered under the Republic of Texas in which no Masons were incorporators. Its short life was typical of Texas's schools, but lack of local community spirit and absence of support from religious or fraternal organizations may have hastened the institution's demise.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:Truman Harrison Etheridge, Education in the Republic of Texas (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas, 1942). Arthur A. Grusendorf, The Social and Philosophical Determinants of Education in Washington County, Texas, from 1835 to 1937 (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas, 1938).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Carole E. Christian, "UNION ACADEMY," accessed August 23, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/kbu01.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.