While our physical offices are closed until at least April 13 due Austin's COVID-19 "shelter-in-place" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


R. L. Roberts

SOUTHLAND UNIVERSITY. Southland University, supported by members of the Church of Christ, was founded under the name John B. Denton College and later operated as Southwestern Christian College. In 1901, after the conversion of Denton's only private school, Texas Normal, to North Texas State Normal College (now the University of North Texas), Denton citizens became concerned that the state college would attract only students interested in teacher training and voted to organize a joint-stock company to establish a private college to attract a more diverse student population. A five-member committee, led by prominent Denton businessman J. N. Rayzor, purchased land at 300 John B. Denton Street and during the summer and fall of 1901 oversaw the construction of a two-story building to house the new school. The school was named in honor of John B. Denton, the frontier lawyer and minister for whom the county and city are named. John B. Denton College opened on September 10, 1901, with O. H. Thurman, formerly a science teacher and librarian at Texas Normal, as president. During his three-year tenure the school's enrollment reached 150. By 1904, however, enrollment had declined, as the private college lost students to North Texas State Normal College and to the newly established Girls' Industrial College (now Texas Woman's University), which had opened in 1903. Believing that his college could not compete with the two state-supported academic institutions, Thurman resigned in 1904 to enter the insurance business. After his resignation, stockholders agreed to deed the college property to a board of regents comprising eleven members of the Church of Christ.

The regents operated the college under a new name, Southwestern Christian College, from 1904 to 1908. On July 5, 1904, a charter was adopted, and H. G. Fleming of Tullahoma, Tennessee, was elected dean of the Bible department and temporary president. The college opened in the fall of 1904 with an enrollment of 160. In May 1905 Arvy Glenn Freed of Henderson, Tennessee, a popular minister and teacher, was elected president, but a serious illness kept him from his duties. Freed resigned in 1907 and was succeeded by B. W. Miller, a native Texan, as president. Enrollment reached 255 during Freed's first year but dropped to 205 in 1907. Southwestern Christian College devised a charter requiring that trustees belong to the Church of Christ and adhere to its doctrine. Coursework emphasized the Bible and sacred literature while concentrating on ministerial training. Courses were offered in the Bible department, a college of arts and sciences, a college of music, a school of expression and physical culture, a school of art, an academy, and a preparatory school. In February 1908 Allen Booker Barret proposed that the college be reorganized as a university. The board accepted and rechartered the institution as Southland University. Barret was elected to a five-year term as president. The university offered three undergraduate degrees-B.A., B.Lit., and B.S.-and the M.S. degree in the College of Liberal Arts. The announced development of a new campus on twenty-five acres 1½ miles north of Denton never materialized, for disagreements between the faculty and the board of regents caused the school to fold. After Southland University closed in 1909 Barret and Charles H. Roberson, secretary-treasurer and faculty member at the Abilene and Denton schools, moved to Cleburne, Texas, and established Clebarro College on a similar plan. The Denton Public School Board received the old property at 300 John B. Denton Street.

C. A. Bridges, History of Denton, Texas, from Its Beginning to 1960 (Waco: Texian Press, 1978). Denton County News, September 3, 1903, April 22, 1904. Denton Record-Chronicle, August 15, 1925. William Franklin Ledlow, History of Protestant Education in Texas (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas, 1926). James Lloyd Rogers, The Story of North Texas (Denton: North Texas State University, 1965). M. Norvel Young, A History of Colleges Established and Conducted by Members of the Churches of Christ (Kansas City: Old Paths Book Club, 1949).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, R. L. Roberts, "SOUTHLAND UNIVERSITY," accessed April 09, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/kbswg.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...