William E. Montgomery

HEARNE ACADEMY. Hearne Academy, a school for blacks in Texas after Reconstruction, was founded by the Baptist Lincoln Association in 1881 just outside of Hearne. It operated there until 1909, when it was renamed Fort Worth Industrial and Mechanical College and moved to Fort Worth. The school received funds from the American Baptist Home Mission in New York, and its faculty and administration were all black. H. N. Broiles was principal of the institution, which was supported by blacks across Texas through the Baptist Missionary and Educational Convention. Elementary and secondary studies were offered, as well as college-preparatory and industrial courses. The college supplied students to Bishop College in Marshall and helped local blacks learn important skills. One of its alumni, Alexander Asberry, served in the Texas legislature from 1889 to 1896. Like other similar schools, the institution was underfunded and struggled to provide adequate instruction. It closed in 1929.

Alwyn Barr, Black Texans: A History of Negroes in Texas, 1528–1971 (Austin: Jenkins, 1973). Alton Hornsby, Jr., Negro Education in Texas, 1865–1917 (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1962). Norman L. McCarver and Norman L. McCarver, Jr., Hearne on the Brazos (San Antonio: Century, 1958). Lawrence D. Rice, The Negro in Texas, 1874–1900 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1971).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, William E. Montgomery, "HEARNE ACADEMY," accessed July 17, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/kbh16.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox