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TEXAS LITERARY INSTITUTE. The Texas Literary Institute was organized at Houston on January 9, 1846, as the result of a meeting known as the Convention of the Friends of Education. Its first officers were Chauncey Richardson, president; Ashbel Smith, vice president; William M. Tryon, treasurer; and Peter W. Gray, secretary. With its object the promotion of education in the Republic of Texas, the organization published an educational magazine, the Public School Advocate, which had a circulation of 500. A meeting was held in Houston as late as November 15, 1848.


Democratic Telegraph and Texas Register, November 18, 1847, August 10, November 23, 1848. Truman Harrison Etheridge, Education in the Republic of Texas (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas, 1942).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"TEXAS LITERARY INSTITUTE," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.