Since its original printing in 1952, the publication of the Handbook of Texas has been made possible through the support of its users. As an independent nonprofit, TSHA relies on your contributions to close the funding gap for the online Handbook and keep it a freely accessible resource for users worldwide. Please make a donation today to preserve the most comprehensive encyclopedic resource on Texas history. Donate Today »


Vivian Elizabeth Smyrl

PEDERNALES, TEXAS. Pedernales was on State Highway 16 and the Pedernales River, seven miles southwest of Fredericksburg in southern Gillespie County. It was settled in the late 1840s by German immigrants, among whom were Karl Friedrich Hermann Lungkwitz and Friedrich Richard Petri. In the 1850s children from Pedernales attended school with children from the Live Oak district, but by the late 1860s Pedernales had a school of its own, two stores, and a gin. In 1945 the Pedernales school closed, and students began attending classes at the Wrede school, three or four miles closer to Fredericksburg; the Pedernales school was officially consolidated with the Wrede district in 1949. By 1990 little remained of the community besides the school building, which had been renovated in the early 1980s and was used as a private home.

Gillespie County Program Building Committee, Gillespie County School Histories (Fredericksburg, Texas: Dietel and Son, 1983).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Vivian Elizabeth Smyrl, "PEDERNALES, TX," accessed March 19, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Texas AlmanacFor more information about towns and counties including physical features, statistics, weather, maps and much more, visit the Town Database on!

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox