INDIO, TX (ZAVALA COUNTY)
INDIO, TEXAS (Zavala County). Indio, initially known as East Side, was near Tortuga Creek several miles east of the Nueces River and eight miles east of Crystal City in south central Zavala County. The site was chosen by promoters E. J. Buckingham and Carl Groos and financier Mr. Lewis as one of the headquarters for the colonization of the Cross S Ranch around 1908; the development was called East Side because of its location in the ranch. By 1910 the promoters had drilled a well, built a substantial hotel, and cleared large sections of land. A post office using the name Indio was established in 1912; a Mr. Holtewanger was postmaster. About this time a schoolhouse was constructed; Lilian Blackaller was the first teacher. Methodist and lay services were held in the schoolhouse, which also served as the community center. After the school closed around 1920, children in the area were bused to schools in Crystal City on a flatbed truck with homemade benches. A revitalization effort, which included renovation and enlargement of the hotel in the late 1920s, failed to invigorate the community. One business operated in the community in 1931. A severe flood in the area in 1935 sent most of the residents to a small hill near the post office; most later moved to Crystal City, and the post office closed in 1936. By 1950 the community had generally been abandoned, and the hotel had been converted to a ranchhouse, but Indio continued to be a voting precinct for some thirty-five or forty voters.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Ruben E. Ochoa, "Indio, TX (Zavala County)," accessed June 01, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hvi12.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles