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BANCROFT, TEXAS (Chambers County). Bancroft was on what is now Farm Road 1663 thirty miles southwest of Beaumont in northeastern Chambers County. It was named by pioneer settler F. M. Richmond for his maternal grandmother. The community organized a school in 1898 and secured a post office two years later. Although Bancroft lost its post office in 1907, it had 112 inhabitants in 1909. In the severe hurricane of 1915, which devastated much of Chambers County, saltwater flooding ruined many of the area's citrus and rice crops (see HURRICANES). Low prices for rice in the post-World War I years, poor drainage (which contributed to an outbreak of malaria), and the lack of good roads led to the community's further decline. No record has been found of Bancroft after 1928, when it appeared on a United States Army topographic map.


Jewel Horace Harry, A History of Chambers County (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1940; rpt., Dallas: Taylor, 1981).

Robert Wooster


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Robert Wooster, "BANCROFT, TX (CHAMBERS COUNTY)," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed March 26, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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