PARMERTON, TEXAS. Parmerton, on U.S. Highway 60 in central Parmer County, was originally known as Parmer Switch when the Pecos Valley and Northern Texas Railway built through in 1898. The town, like the county, was named for Martin Parmer, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence. The townsite, surveyed and platted by J. S. McClearey, comprised 200 acres of land formerly owned by the Capitol Freehold Land and Investment Company (the XIT Ranchqv). The company had previously established a model farm on the site and in 1906 used dry-land farming methods to produce a successful wheat crop. A one-story frame courthouse was built atop Parmerton Hill, the halfway mark between Friona and Bovina, with a residence for the county judge nearby. Across the road was a "cook shack" that served meals to inhabitants and passersby. A post office was established in September 1907 but was closed on August 15, 1908.
Parmerton was voted county seat on May 7, 1907, and almost immediately a movement to displace it began. Another election was held on December 10, 1907, and Farwell was chosen overwhelmingly. Five months later county records were moved to the "Hamlin Brick," a new building in Farwell. Parmerton was never further developed as a town and rapidly declined. Today only a historical marker and the Parmerton railroad switch mark the site.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, H. Allen Anderson, "Parmerton, TX," accessed May 02, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/htp01.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles