While our physical offices are closed until at least April 13 due Austin's COVID-19 "shelter-in-place" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Linda Peterson

SAN AUGUSTINE, TEXAS (Atascosa County). San Augustine was a church and school center for the surrounding rural population and was located on State Highway 97 four miles north of Pleasanton in Atascosa County. Its buildings were located between Galvan Creek and Interstate Highway 37, on what had been the land grant of Enrique Esparza, son of Alamo defender Gregorio Esparza (also known as José María Esparza). In 1869 the Catholic bishop of Galveston sent nuns to the area to teach in the adobe San Augustine schoolhouse that had been built by residents near the San Augustine church. In 1904 the school, which was by then no longer exclusively Catholic, had twenty-four students and one teacher; by 1914 its enrollment had increased to forty-eight. A new school was constructed in 1925, but the number of students had dropped to seventeen by 1934, and in 1951 the school building was moved to Pleasanton when the two school districts were consolidated. In 1936 San Augustine had the church, the school, and a few widely scattered farms. The community was no longer marked on maps in the 1980s, but in 1986 a Texas Historical Commission marker was placed at the site by the Atascosa County Historical Commission and the descendents of the Esparza family.


Atascosa County History (Pleasanton, Texas: Atascosa History Committee, 1984). Margaret G. Clover, The Place Names of Atascosa County (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1952).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Linda Peterson, "SAN AUGUSTINE, TX (ATASCOSA COUNTY)," accessed April 08, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hrscf.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on February 18, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Texas AlmanacFor more information about towns and counties including physical features, statistics, weather, maps and much more, visit the Town Database on TexasAlmanac.com!
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...