Members Only Area
Bookmark and Share
sidebar menu icon


ST. MARY'S COLONY, TEXAS. St. Mary's Colony, a black farming community, is located in the far western corner of Bastrop County, seventeen miles west of Bastrop on State Highway 21. The Doyle and Patton families founded the community shortly after emancipation when their former owners, George and Mary Doyle, gave them 2,000 acres of land. St. Mary's Colony was named by a preacher known as Meridan. At one time its population was more than 300.

After World War II many people moved from the colony to Austin for employment rather than endure the hard life of dry-land farming. The colony had dwindled to a few families when Willie Mae Wilson, a former resident, sought the help of United States representative J. J. Pickle to bring water lines to the area. In 1976 Pickle secured a $2.7 million grant enabling the Farmer's Home Administration and the Aqua Water Supply Corporation, a Bastrop-based water cooperative serving rural areas of the county, to do the project. Water lines began serving St. Mary's Colony in the early months of 1979, and former members of the community began to return and set up summer homes. The St. Mary's Community Center, formerly an old two-room schoolhouse, was renovated in 1979.


Austin American-Statesman, June 23, 1979.

Nolan Thompson

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Nolan Thompson, "ST. MARY'S COLONY, TX," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed December 01, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Texas AlmanacFor more information about towns and counties including physical features, statistics, weather, maps and much more, visit the Town Database on!