PATTONIA, TEXAS. Pattonia, also known as Patton Landing, was an early riverport on the Angelina River at the mouth of Dorr Creek, near the confluence of the Angelina River and Attoyac Bayou in southeastern Nacogdoches County. The town was founded around 1844 by Moses L. Patton and his brother Robert S. Patton, pioneers in developing river traffic on the Angelina River before the Civil War. To test the feasibility of riverboats, the Patton brothers purchased the flat-hulled Thomas J. Rusk in 1844, loaded it with 192 bales of cotton, and floated it downriver to Sabine Pass, where they traded the cotton for supplies. With these supplies they opened a store in Pattonia. In 1849 Robert Patton bought the river's first steamboat, the Angelina, which made frequent trips between Pattonia and Sabine Pass. During the 1850s Pattonia developed into an important shipping point for neighboring cotton plantations. In the 1870s the settlement became a regular stopping point for the Laura and other riverboats. One eyewitness from that period recalled seeing five riverboats tied up at Pattonia at one time. The construction of the railroads in the late 1870s and 1880s, however, brought an end to river traffic on the Angelina, and Pattonia declined rapidly thereafter. The Pattons moved their mercantile businesses to Nacogdoches, and by 1900 the settlement had been abandoned.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Christopher Long, "Pattonia, TX," accessed October 26, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hrpnh.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.