INDIO, TX (PRESIDIO COUNTY)
INDIO, TEXAS (Presidio County). Indio is on Spencer Creek, the Rio Grande, and Farm Road 170, twelve miles west of Presidio in southern Presidio County. The settlement, called at different times Paloma Ranch, Spencer's Rancho, and Indio Ranch, began after 1854 when John W. Spencer settled there and began raising horses, and later, cattle and vegetables. By 1908 the small farming community had built a school and hired B. T. Briggs to teach. In 1911 Juan de la Cruz Machuca, the first Hispanic graduate of Marfa High School, passed the state examination for teacher certification and became the teacher at Indio. The farmland around Indio became more productive in 1917 after Esteban Ochoa directed an irrigation project there. In 1918 Indio farmers began growing cotton, and by 1924 Ochoa had built a cotton gin to process their crops. During the Mexican Revolution, the United States Army stationed an infantry platoon at Indio. On December 3, 1917, Mexican bandits fired on the platoon from across the river and wounded a soldier. The United States soldiers crossed the river and retaliated, killing twelve bandits. As late as 1928 the area around Indio was patrolled. In 1939 Indio reported a population of forty, two businesses, and a school.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Julia Cauble Smith, "Indio, TX (Presidio County)," accessed August 31, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hri03.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.