HARVARD, TEXAS. Harvard, also known as Harvard Switch, is in the bottomlands of Big Cypress Creek on U.S. Highway 271 and the St. Louis Southwestern Railway, four miles north of Pittsburg in northern Camp County. The community developed around a switch on the Texas and St. Louis Railway, which was constructed through the area in the late 1870s. The track there was low-lying and easily flooded, with a long grade and a curve where it came up from the creek bottom. A black man named Hard Ivory had built a house near the road, and the railroad company made him section foreman for that portion of the track. Several of Ivory's black section crew members settled near his house, forming the nucleus of the Harvard community. Many of the men of the section crew also farmed, and Ivory built a steam gin in the community to handle their cotton. There was also a coal mine nearby. By the 1930s Harvard had a sawmill, a school, two stores, and two churches (Methodist and Baptist). The school, operated by the board of the Midway school district, was only one room, but it employed two teachers and offered instruction through the first seven grades to forty-seven black children. The children then transferred to Pittsburg or to Center Point for the higher grades. By 1955 the school district had been consolidated with the Pittsburg Independent School District, and by 1964 Harvard had one church and a few scattered houses. In 1983 the community comprised a church, two small stores, and widely scattered houses. In 2000 the population was forty-eight.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Cecil Harper, Jr., "Harvard, TX," accessed May 30, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hrh17.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles