sidebar menu icon


GERALDINE, TEXAS. Geraldine, a community just south of the Wichita county line in Archer County, was part of a land-promotion scheme by Philander H. Fitzgerald of Indianapolis, Indiana. Fitzgerald, with several others, organized the American Tribune New Colony Company, which was chartered on March 14, 1901. Its purpose was to deal in real estate, especially in the southwest. Geraldine was planned as a city for 20,000. The town was advertised in the American Tribune, an Indianapolis newspaper owned by Fitzgerald. No population figures are available for Geraldine, but it was large enough for a newspaper and a post office. The town was opened on May 20, 1902, but by 1904 it was almost completely abandoned, though the post office was kept open until 1908. Because of income from oil, the school lasted until 1941, when it consolidated with schools in Holliday. Farmland was sold earlier than city lots, and 125 farm families had settled around the townsite. By 1902, however, all but twenty of these families were gone, as a three-year drought had made farming unprofitable.

Archer County Family History Committee, Archer County Family History: Shortgrass Saga (Wichita Falls, Texas, 1986). Jack Loftin, Trails Through Archer (Burnet, Texas: Nortex, 1979).
Jack O. Loftin

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Jack O. Loftin, "Geraldine, TX," accessed December 17, 2017,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Texas AlmanacFor more information about towns and counties including physical features, statistics, weather, maps and much more, visit the Town Database on!