Megan Biesele

CALEDONIA, TEXAS. Caledonia is nine miles east of Mount Enterprise in extreme southeastern Rusk County. Thomas Williams and William Elliott received land grants there in 1828. A post office was established in Caledonia in 1851, with Sam T. Allen as postmaster. It was discontinued in 1866, reestablished in 1870, and discontinued again in 1905. In 1883 the community reported a population of 150, three steam gristmills, a cotton gin, five churches, and a school. Cotton was the principal product of Caledonia. By 1892 the population had declined to fifty, but by 1896 it had risen to 100. In 1944 Caledonia had a population estimated at twenty-five, and in 1990 it was still listed as a community. In 2000 the population was seventy-five.

Dorman H. Winfrey, A History of Rusk County (Waco: Texian, 1961).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Megan Biesele, "CALEDONIA, TX," accessed July 18, 2018,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Texas AlmanacFor more information about towns and counties including physical features, statistics, weather, maps and much more, visit the Town Database on!

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox