While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Christopher Long

WODEN, TEXAS. Woden is on Farm Road 226 approximately eleven miles southeast of Nacogdoches in southern Nacogdoches County. The area was settled in the 1830s by immigrants from the Old South. The community was known for a time as Jacobs and later as King's Store. A post office was established in 1886, and the name was changed to Woden, after the father of the Teutonic gods. In the early 1890s the Haywood Lumber Company built a railroad through the area which bypassed the town. Townspeople moved the community to the tracks a few miles away. In 1892 a post office opened at the new site under the name Oval, but in 1895 the name was changed back to Woden. The town prospered as a lumbering center and by 1914 had three general stores and an estimated population of 200. The collapse of the lumber industry during the 1930s, however, began a gradual decline. In the mid-1930s Woden had Baptist, Church of Christ, and United Pentacostal churches, a large high school, and three businesses; the population in 1936 was 100. In 1990 the population was seventy. Many of the residents worked in Nacogdoches or Lufkin. In the early 2000s Woden supported farms and other agricultural businesses in the area, along with two schools. By 2004 the town had an estimated population of 400 with ten businesses.

Nacogdoches County Genealogical Society, Nacogdoches County Families (Dallas: Curtis, 1985).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Christopher Long, "WODEN, TX," accessed August 11, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hnw56.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Texas AlmanacFor more information about towns and counties including physical features, statistics, weather, maps and much more, visit the Town Database on TexasAlmanac.com!
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...