While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Christopher Long

TANGLEWOOD, TEXAS. Tanglewood is on U.S. Highway 77 five miles northwest of Lexington in northwestern Lee County. The area was first settled in 1856 by the Rev. Hugh Wilson, who founded the String Prairie Presbyterian Church there. After the Civil War a small settlement began to develop around the church. The town is said to have been named by two sisters who were reading a book called Tanglewood Tales. A post office was opened there in 1880, and by 1884 Tanglewood had three churches, a public school, a steam gristmill and cotton gin, and a general store. The business district was originally a mile east of its present site. When the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway was built in the early 1890s it bypassed the town, so Tanglewood residents decided to move closer to the tracks. A new townsite was platted in 1894, and most of the structures were moved to the new location. Reverend Wilson's church was drawn by mules on large log rollers to its new site. After 1900 three general stores, three cotton mills, and a broom factory owned by Henry Kelley were in operation, and during the 1905–06 school year the public school enrolled forty-two students. In 1914 the population of Tanglewood was estimated at 100, but after the early 1920s the town began to decline. Membership in the Presbyterian church dropped, the church was dissolved in 1922, and its congregation moved to Dime Box. The population of Tanglewood was reported at seventy-five in 1925 but dropped to forty by the early 1950s, when the town had two businesses. In 1950 the school was consolidated with the Lexington Independent School District. The population of Tanglewood was estimated at forty-eight in the early 1970s, and at that time the community had a general store, an antique shop, a real estate office, and a Baptist church. The population was still reported as forty-eight through 2000.

Lee County Historical Survey Committee, A History of Lee County (Quanah, Texas: Nortex, 1974).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Christopher Long, "TANGLEWOOD, TX," accessed July 14, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hnt03.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Texas AlmanacFor more information about towns and counties including physical features, statistics, weather, maps and much more, visit the Town Database on TexasAlmanac.com!
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...