Since its original printing in 1952, the publication of the Handbook of Texas has been made possible through the support of its users. As an independent nonprofit, TSHA relies on your contributions to close the funding gap for the online Handbook and keep it a freely accessible resource for users worldwide. Please make a donation today to preserve the most comprehensive encyclopedic resource on Texas history. Donate Today »


Will Branch

SARGENT, TEXAS. Sargent, on Farm Road 457 five miles northwest of the Gulf of Mexico and twenty-four miles southeast of Bay City in the eastern corner of Matagorda County, was named for George Sargent, an Englishman who immigrated to Texas from Cornwall, England, in 1834. Sargent purchased some bottomland near Caney Creek in 1844 and built a house three or four miles inland from the Gulf between Caney Creek and Cedar Lake. In those days Caney Creek had deep water and was navigable. During the Civil War Sargent was able to ship his beef and cotton undetected from Caney Creek through the Union blockade. After the war the Sargents continued in the cattle business. In the summer of 1875 George Sargent's son John, with some neighbors, drove more than 3,000 cattle along the Salt Grass and the Chisholm trails to Abilene. On the return trip they received news of a Gulf hurricane. After riding night and day for three days, the party arrived home on September 17 to find George Sargent's home gone and Caney Creek at flood tide. Unable to find his father, John arrived at his own home just as it was breaking up. He was just in time to save his children from the flood, but his wife was not with them. The bodies of Sarah and George Sargent were found after the storm had passed, victims of the hurricane that destroyed Indianola. Other severe storms have made their impact on the area as well. One source reports that forty refugees from Sargent were billeted in the courthouse in Bay City in the aftermath of the 1934 hurricane. The most recent hurricane to strike Sargent was Hurricane Carla, which made landfall on September 10, 1961. According to B. J. Sanford, "The accompanying tidal wave swept inland for nearly ten miles, inundating everything the winds had not destroyed already." A post office was established at Sargent in 1912 with Mary G. Montgomery as postmistress. By 1925 Sargent had a population of twenty-three. Roads were built in the area by Abel B. Pierce in 1927, and in 1930 Pierce built a city block of houses and a cotton gin in Sargent for his workers. In 1938 Sargent had a school with three teachers and forty-one white pupils and a school with three teachers and 185 black pupils. By 1940 Sargent had four businesses and a population of eighty. Sometime around the end of World War II Sargent lost its post office, but by 1986 service was reinstated. In 1990 Sargent had a population of seventy-six, with "at least three places serving full meals, a gift shop, a laundromat, several garages, and a number of bait camps." The town also had two churches, the Sargent Baptist Church and the Caney Creek Non-Denominational Church. Area children attended Van Vleck schools. In 2000 the population was 300.


Matagorda County Historical Commission, Historic Matagorda County (3 vols., 1986–88).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Will Branch, "SARGENT, TX," accessed April 21, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on February 22, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Texas AlmanacFor more information about towns and counties including physical features, statistics, weather, maps and much more, visit the Town Database on!

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox