sidebar menu icon


PETROLEUM, TEXAS. Petroleum is located in western Jim Hogg County twenty-four miles southwest of Hebbronville, north of the junction of State Highway 16 and Farm Road 649. The town was founded in 1932 and received its name from its location in an oilfield. A post office operated from 1930 until 1933, and in 1940 Petroleum reported one store and a population of twenty. By 1981 only fifteen residents remained, and the community was no longer listed on state highway maps. The population was still fifteen in 1990.

Justin Lee Elmore

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Justin Lee Elmore, "Petroleum, TX," accessed November 21, 2017,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Texas AlmanacFor more information about towns and counties including physical features, statistics, weather, maps and much more, visit the Town Database on!