While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Ruben E. Ochoa

LA PRYOR, TEXAS. La Pryor is on the Missouri Pacific tracks at the intersection of U.S. highways 83 and 57, four miles west of the Nueces River in northwestern Zavala County. It was named for Col. Isaac (Ike) T. Pryor, who in the 1880s owned a large ranch that included the site of the community. There was an attempt to colonize the area at a proposed townsite known as Nuvalco (an acronym for Nueces Valley Colonization Company) six miles north of the site of present La Pryor. The attempt failed, and the property was sold to the Western Livestock and Land Company, which eventually sold the property to Ike Pryor around 1880. Pryor formed the Zavala Land and Water Development Company and marketed small farm units from a 30,000-acre section of his holdings west of the Nueces River. He made a deal with the Crystal City and Uvalde Railway in 1909 to construct a depot, switch, and cattle-unloading station at the site where La Pryor had been platted. Prospective buyers, lured by extensive advertising, arrived from throughout the country on organized train excursions to view the land and observe the exceptional variety of produce cultivated on J. W. Adams's experimental farm south of the townsite. Their numbers grew so large that many slept on the train and dined at a brush arbor hastily erected on the east side of town. A post office was established in the community in 1910. Farmers laboriously cleared their twenty-to-160-acre plots; dryland farming produced cotton, milo, corn, small grains, and red-top cane for hay. Early in 1910 the community had several general stores, a blacksmith shop, and the spacious three-level Nueces Hotel. La Pryor High School was constructed in 1912.

La Pryor quickly prospered, and by 1914 some of the county's first automobiles and telephones were in use in the community of around 500. The town included Baptist, Christian, Lutheran, and Methodist congregations, a cotton gin, a bank, and a weekly publication called the Zavala County Sentinel. St. Joseph's Catholic Church was constructed in 1918. In the 1920s the Zavala Land and Water Company closed. In the same period Kate Stout, operator of the La Pryor telephone service, became Zavala County's first woman to hold elective office, when she was chosen county treasurer. Drought devastated many ranches around La Pryor in the 1930s and may also have been responsible for the recurring visits of herds of wild donkeys to the town. Natural gas was discovered in the La Pryor area in the 1930s. The La Pryor New Era was published by Austin Campbell during the 1930s and 1940s. During the late 1930s La Pryor had an estimated population of 450, roughly two-thirds Anglo-American and one-third Mexican-American. There were two schools for Mexican-American students and a combination high school and grammar school for Anglo-Americans. By 1946 La Pryor had an estimated population of 500 and seventeen businesses. Products marketed by local vegetable-packing sheds and cattle shipped by local ranchers contributed to increased rail activity in La Pryor during the 1940s. The population remained about 500 throughout the 1950s but more than doubled to an estimated 1,100 by 1966. During this period La Pryor was the rail terminus for substantial asphalt shipments from mines in southwestern Uvalde County. In 1969 the last sizable herd of cattle, numbering around 800 steers, was shipped by the Chaparossa Ranch from cattle pens at La Pryor. The town's population had dropped to 550 by 1970; the sharp rise in population during the 1960s may have been the result of movement to the La Pryor area from Crystal City, which had substantial racial and political upheaval during that decade. A new high school was constructed at La Pryor in 1977. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s La Pryor maintained an estimated population of 550; nineteen business were operating in the community in 1989. In 1990 the population was reported as 1,343. The population was 1,491 in 2000.


John Staples Shockley, Chicano Revolt in a Texas Town (Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 1974). Zavala County Historical Commission, Now and Then in Zavala County (Crystal City, Texas, 1985). Zavala County Sentinel, Centennial edition, July 25, 1958.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Ruben E. Ochoa, "LA PRYOR, TX," accessed August 05, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hll03.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on November 19, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Texas AlmanacFor more information about towns and counties including physical features, statistics, weather, maps and much more, visit the Town Database on TexasAlmanac.com!
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...