KARNACK, TX

Ernestine Rice

KARNACK, TEXAS. Karnack is at the intersection of Farm roads 134 and 449, on the Louisiana and Arkansas Railway near Caddo Lake in northeastern Harrison County. Its name reportedly derived from the supposition that its distance from Port Caddo (the northeastern port of entry for the Republic of Texasqv) was the same as that of Karnak from Thebes in ancient Egypt. In 1898 a post office opened at Karnack, and the community shipped cotton and other commodities. Caddo Lake oilfields began producing in 1906. By 1915 the community had a population of 100, a general store operated by Thomas Jefferson Taylorqv, and a gristmill and cotton gin owned by W. H. Wurtzburger. In 1927 Karnack's population was estimated at 400. By the early 1940s the community reported a population of 850 and twenty-two businesses. In 1989 Karnack had twelve businesses, and in 1990 it reported 775 residents. The population remained unchanged in 2000. Lady Bird Johnson's childhood home, a two-story, white-brick house from the era of antebellum Texas, is at a site 2½ miles southwest of town on State Highway 43. Karnack became known from 1989 to 1991 because of the destruction of Pershing IA and II missiles at Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant there.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
M. M. McClung, Caddo Lake: Mysterious Swampland (Texarkana, Arkansas: Southwest, 1974).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Ernestine Rice, "KARNACK, TX," accessed September 17, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hlk02.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Texas AlmanacFor more information about towns and counties including physical features, statistics, weather, maps and much more, visit the Town Database on TexasAlmanac.com!
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...