While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Robert Wooster

GRAYBURG, TEXAS. Grayburg is on State Highway 326 eighteen miles west of Beaumont in extreme southern Hardin County. It was founded in 1908, when the Thompson-Ford Lumber Company built a sawmill on the newly constructed Beaumont, Sour Lake and Western Railway. That same year a post office opened there. According to legend, the town got its name from the gray paint used on all the Thompson-Ford buildings. A Kirby Lumber Company logging camp was established six miles outside the new mill town. The rich forests of the Big Thicket provided ample resources for the local lumber industries until the 1920s, when the Thompson-Ford plant shut down. Grayburg had a population estimated at 2,000 in 1915 and incorporated sometime before 1920, but it declined rapidly after the depletion of the nearby timber resources, and the incorporation lapsed. By the late 1940s the community reported only seventy-five inhabitants, and its post office closed in the early 1980s. Yet its proximity to larger cities, particularly Beaumont, and the huge deposits of oil and natural gas at nearby Sour Lake offered continued employment to Grayburg residents. By the early 1990s Grayburg's population was reported as 271. In 2000 the population was 315.


Houston Chronicle, April 8, 1956. Dot Palmer Siau, The Story of My Life (MS, Sam Houston Regional Library, Liberty, Texas).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Robert Wooster, "GRAYBURG, TX," accessed July 05, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hlg34.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on February 11, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Texas AlmanacFor more information about towns and counties including physical features, statistics, weather, maps and much more, visit the Town Database on TexasAlmanac.com!
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...