FLAT, TEXAS. Flat is at the intersection of State Highway 36 and Farm Road 931, ten miles southeast of Gatesville in southeastern Coryell County. The name Mesquite Flat was originally chosen because of the local terrain and vegetation, but when residents applied for a post office in the 1890s, the postal department rejected the name. They then submitted the name Flat, and in 1897 were granted a post office by that name. Flat had a cotton gin, three general stores, and 100 residents in 1914. Population estimates fell to twenty-five in the mid-1920s but rose again to 125 by the late 1930s. Farming was the primary occupation of area residents until the 1940s, when much of the farm acreage was taken over by the establishment of Fort Hood. In the 1950s and 1960s Flat became home to military and civilian personnel associated with Fort Hood as well as to people who commuted to work in Gatesville or Temple. The population of the community was estimated at 200 in 1960 and 210 in 1970. The school at Flat was consolidated with the Gatesville Independent School District in 1963, and in the early 1980s residents converted the old school building to a community center. Population estimates for Flat remained at 210 through 2000.
Clyde and Mabel Bailey, Vignettes of Coryell County (Gatesville, Texas: Gatesville Printing, 1976). Coryell County Genealogical Society, Coryell County, Texas, Families, 1854–1985 (Dallas: Taylor, 1986).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Vivian Elizabeth Smyrl, "FLAT, TX," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/HLF13), accessed February 11, 2016. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles