While our physical offices are closed until at least April 13 due Austin's COVID-19 "shelter-in-place" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


THROCKMORTON, TEXAS. Throckmorton, the county seat of Throckmorton County, is on U.S. highways 380 and 183/283, in the central part of the county. It became the county seat when the county was organized in 1879. Early businesses included a Mr. Tadley's store and a cafe and stage stand run by C. A. (Alex) Housley. Throckmorton County only had a population of 124 by 1890. Yet as the county seat Throckmorton was assured of having most of the county's population and businesses. Industries have included gins and flour and feed mills. The population of Throckmorton doubled between 1910 and 1920, as farmers took up land. By 1936 it reached 1,135 and remained stable until the mid-1980s. The town had 1,319 residents in 1950, 1,299 in 1960, 1,105 in 1970, and 1,174 in 1980. The population was 1,036 in 1990 and dropped to 905 in 2000. The town is incorporated and serves as the market and manufacturing center for the county's oil and agricultural business.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "THROCKMORTON, TX," accessed April 05, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hjt06.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Texas AlmanacFor more information about towns and counties including physical features, statistics, weather, maps and much more, visit the Town Database on TexasAlmanac.com!
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...