While our physical offices are closed until at least April 13 due Austin's COVID-19 "shelter-in-place" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »

CLUTE, TX

Diana J. Kleiner

CLUTE, TEXAS. Clute, also known as Clute City, is on Clute Lake and the Missouri Pacific Railroad between State highways 332 and 227, southeast of Lake Jackson and ten miles south of Angleton in south central Brazoria County. The site was one of the county's first plantations and is named for two Northerners who later acquired the property. Alexander Calvit, one of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred, and Jared E. Groce acquired about 4,800 acres of land there in 1824 for Evergreen Plantation. The plantation later became the Herndon sugar plantation, owned by John H. Herndon, who married Calvit's only daughter. Joseph Pegan, Soloman J. Clute, and several relatives including George and John Clute, founded a community near the plantation site after the Civil War. They acquired additional land from Herndon, who put it up for auction in the 1870s. A deed dated March 17, 1886, transferred ownership from Soloman Clute to George Clute for property known as Clute's Place. Soloman administered it until 1888 or 1889, when it was sold. The antebellum Eagle Island Plantation of William H. Wharton occupied the site of present Restwood Memorial Park.

In 1933 Clute had only two businesses and a population of ten. By 1937 the town had a school for white children with two teachers and two schools for black children with one teacher each. Growth increased in 1940, when Clute became part of the Brazosport industrial and port area. In 1950 Clute had a population of 700 and thirty-six businesses; in 1954 the residents numbered 3,200 and the businesses forty-five. A post office was established by 1943, and a new grade school was built in the 1950s. Clute was incorporated in May 1952 under the name Clute City, with a commission form of government; in 1955 the town changed its name back to Clute and adopted an aldermanic form of government. In 1974 Clute had six churches, including the True Honor Church; two schools, including Ogg School; and a railroad station. Clute changed its name to Clute City again in 1980. Its population rose to 7,000 in 1970, when it had ninety-five businesses; dropped to 6,023 in 1972; then rose again, reaching a high of 9,577 and 270 businesses in 1984. In 1990 the population was 8,910, and in 2000 it reached a high of 10,424. By then it was known simply as Clute.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
Brazosport Facts, December 17, 1957. James A. Creighton, A Narrative History of Brazoria County (Angleton, Texas: Brazoria County Historical Commission, 1975).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Diana J. Kleiner, "CLUTE, TX," accessed April 08, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hfc09.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Texas AlmanacFor more information about towns and counties including physical features, statistics, weather, maps and much more, visit the Town Database on TexasAlmanac.com!
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...