PEARLAND, TEXAS. Pearland is on State Highway 35 thirty-seven miles north of Angleton in northern Brazoria County. It became a siding switch on the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway in 1882. The community was first named Mark Belt, when a post office was established in 1893. The name was changed to Pearland in November of that year because of the abundance of pear trees in the community. By 1898 Pearland had a population of seventy-five, a newspaper, and twelve businesses, including two general stores, a grocer, two lumber companies, two hotels, a real estate agent, a hardware store, a blacksmith, a carpenter, and a wagonmaker. Pearland was promoted by the Christensen Land Corporation and Allison-Richey Suburban Garden Company as an "agricultural Eden." The Galveston hurricane of 1900 destroyed fruit trees and slowed growth for a period of time. Planting of oranges and figs revived local agriculture until the 1918 freeze. In 1914 Pearland had twenty-three businesses, two churches, a hotel, and a population of 400. A school serving twenty-five students and one teacher had also been established. Oil was discovered nearby in 1934. From this time to the 1950s the population in Pearland fluctuated between 150 and 350. By the mid-1960s the town had 1,497 inhabitants and forty-one businesses. Proximity to Houston has more recently produced a steady growth, and in 1989 the town had a population of 15,688 and 456 businesses. In 1990 the population was 18,697, and the city had expanded into Harris County. The population was 37,640 in 2000.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Lori Allbright, "Pearland, TX," accessed April 30, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hep03.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles