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PANOLA COUNTY (Judicial). On January 30, 1841, the Congress of the Republic of Texas created Panola Judicial County (no relationship to present-day Panola County which was not created until 1846). The judicial county included most of present-day Harrison and portions of Marion, Upshur, Camp, Rusk and Panola counties. A strip of land approximately 6.5 miles wide along the eastern boundary of Harrison County was not included; it was at the time under the administrative jurisdiction of the United States. The act directed the creation of a new townsite, Marshall, to be the administrative seat. Because residents of judicial counties did not have separate representation in Congress, the counties were declared unconstitutional in 1842 in the case of Stockton v. Montgomery. Although Panola Judicial County only existed for a year, this was a period which coincided with the granting of headright land certificates to those living along the border of eastern Harrison County. Because many of the records of the judicial county are missing, researching the early history of eastern Harrison County can be both difficult and confusing.


Hans Peter Nielsen Gammel, comp., Laws of Texas, 1822–1897 (10 vols., Austin: Gammel, 1898). James Wilmer Dallam, comp., Opinions of the Supreme Court of Texas from 1840 to 1844 Inclusive (St. Louis: Gilbert Book Co., 1882). James Weeks Tiller, Jr., and Albert Wayne Tiller, Our American Adventure: The History of a Pioneer East Texas Family, 1657-1966 (Huntsville, Texas: The START Group, 2008). Jim Tiller, Before the Line, Volume I: An Annotated Atlas of International Boundaries and Republic of Texas Administrative Units Along the Sabine River-Caddo Lake Borderland, 1803-1841 (2010), Electronic version available at Newton Gresham Library, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville.

Jim Tiller

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Jim Tiller, "Panola County (Judicial)," accessed October 28, 2016,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on September 25, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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