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TURKEY HILL WILDERNESS AREA. The Turkey Hill Wilderness Area covers 5,400 acres in the northern part of Angelina National Forest, on State Highway 705 in Angelina County, two miles south of State Highway 103 and thirty-five miles east of Lufkin. The area juxtaposes five major plant associations, including longleaf pine and pinewoods bluestem, shortleaf pine and southern red oak, and loblolly pine and white oak. Turkey Creek is secluded by a floodplain of water oak, willow oak, and shagbark hickory over a lower tier of the largest paw-paw trees in the Texas national forests. In openings provided by the fall of giant trees, the rare Indian pink blooms, and short-stem irises bedeck a small slough. American beeches line Clear Branch and its tributaries, with a few old Southern magnolias that survived an early cut. In March and April, Clear Branch is fabulous for rare wildflowers. Shagbark hickory and the rare nutmeg hickory dominate a pocket of this bottom. On the south border, Turkey Hill itself rises about forty feet above Clear Branch. In its southwestern quadrant, just north of Farm Road 307, the wilderness area has two more streams with park-like stands of beech. Turkey Hill is one of five areas regulated under the provisions of the East Texas Wilderness Act of October 30, 1984.

Edward C. Fritz, Realms of Beauty: The Wilderness Areas of East Texas (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1986). Edward C. Fritz, Sterile Forest (Austin: Eakin Press, 1983).
Edward C. Fritz

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Edward C. Fritz, "Turkey Hill Wilderness Area," accessed November 18, 2017,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.