Since its original printing in 1952, the publication of the Handbook of Texas has been made possible through the support of its users. As an independent nonprofit, TSHA relies on your contributions to close the funding gap for the online Handbook and keep it a freely accessible resource for users worldwide. Please make a donation today to preserve the most comprehensive encyclopedic resource on Texas history. Donate Today »


H. Allen Anderson

CAPROCK CANYONS STATE PARK. Caprock Canyons State Park, in southeastern Briscoe, Floyd, and Hall Counties three miles north of Quitaque, was acquired from the estate of Theodore Geisler in May 1975. It comprises 13,960.6 acres and is the third largest park in the Texas state park system; its terrain is the roughest. In addition to Lake Theo (named after Geisler), the park features spectacular landscapes carved by erosion at the edge of the Caprock, colorful cliffs and canyons, and abundant wildlife, including mule and white-tailed deer and imported North African aoudad sheep (see EXOTIC BIG GAME ANIMALS). One of the park's most interesting features is the Folsom site near Lake Theo, one of five such sites in the nation. Among the artifacts first excavated there in 1974 were several Folsom points and remains of an extinct Ice Age bison. This bison-kill site gives substantial evidence that Folsom man manufactured and made use of his weapons here about 10,000 years ago. Springs in Holmes Canyon probably contributed to making this area a favorite campsite for pre-Columbian man. Activities available at the park include camping, hiking, horseback riding, fishing, picnicking, swimming, mountain bike riding, rock climbing and sightseeing.

Tommie Pinkard, "Under the Caprock," Texas Highways, May 1984.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, H. Allen Anderson, "CAPROCK CANYONS STATE PARK," accessed July 23, 2019,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox