While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Diana J. Kleiner
Courtlandt Place Plat Survey
Photograph, Courtlandt Place Plot Survey, ca. 1910. Image courtesy of Houston Area Digital Archives. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Courtlandt Place
Photograph, Picture of the historical marker for Courtlandt Place. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

COURTLANDT PLACE HISTORIC DISTRICT. The Courtlandt Place Historic District is one of Houston's earliest elite residential subdivisions. Modeled on suburban planning developed in St. Louis and known as the "private place," the district is an example of neighborhoods built as small private enclaves in response to the urban chaos of Houston in the early 1900s. Courtlandt Place centers around a one-block-long, tree-lined, divided boulevard, where eighteen examples of early twentieth-century architectural styles flank the street. The residential enclave began in 1906, when the Courtlandt Improvement Company purchased the land and laid out the subdivision on the southern edge of the city; the first houses were built in 1909. Gateways at the end of the central boulevard limited access to residents only, while deed restrictions stipulated land use, minimum cost, and house size. The Courtlandt Association, founded in 1912 by property owners, enforced these restrictions until the 1930s. Residences were built for entertaining at home; among them were houses designed by Sanguinet and Staats, Birdsall P. Briscoe, John F. Staub, and Warren and Wetmore. Courtlandt Place served as a model for Montrose in 1910, but subsequently was replaced by new designs for suburban living. Early residents were the old elite of Houston, known for their "congeniality in philosophy and politics," and frequently related. The district was admitted to the National Register of Historic Places in 1979 and received a Texas historical marker in 1989.


Howard Barnstone, The Architecture of John F. Staub: Houston and the South (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1979). Stephen Fox, Houston Architectural Guide (Houston: American Institute of Architects, Houston Chapter, 1990). Houston Metropolitan Research Center Files, Houston Public Library.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Diana J. Kleiner, "COURTLANDT PLACE HISTORIC DISTRICT," accessed July 10, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ghcwm.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Modified on December 12, 2016. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...