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Thomas W. Cutrer
James G. Wright
James G. Wright listed as a member of the 1833 Convention. Courtesy of the Southwestern Historical Quarterly. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Red River County Map
Red River County Map. Courtesy of the Texas Almanac. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

WRIGHT, JAMES GILLENWATERS (1809–1843). James Gillenwaters Wright, physician and public servant, was born in Alabama in December 1809. He immigrated to Texas from Tennessee in May 1830, settling at Harrisburg, where he was elected clerk and established a medical practice. He was chosen to represent Harrisburg County in the Convention of 1833. During the Texas Revolution Wright served as an assistant surgeon for two months and as a volunteer private for one. He received a bounty grant in the area of Red River County for his military service and moved there in 1836. Wright is said to have received a 5,000-acre fee from a grateful patient; he was also accused of being a "quack." He was elected clerk of Red River Territory in 1836 and served until 1838. He was a Mason. In 1840 he owned 1,770 acres, four town lots, and a pleasure carriage. In 1841 Wright was chosen clerk of the Traveling Board of Land Commissioners for the region east of the Brazos River. He was married to Sarah Ann Caruthers, and they had four children. Wright passed away on March 5, 1843, in Paris, Texas.


Eugene C. Barker, ed., The Austin Papers (3 vols., Washington: GPO, 1924–28). Biographical Souvenir of the State of Texas (Chicago: Battey, 1889; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). Compiled Index to Elected and Appointed Officials of the Republic of Texas, 1835–1846 (Austin: State Archives, Texas State Library, 1981). Pat Ireland Nixon, The Medical Story of Early Texas, 1528–1853 (Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Lupe Memorial Fund, 1946). Paris News, October 8, 1933. Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas W. Cutrer, "WRIGHT, JAMES GILLENWATERS," accessed August 24, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on August 9, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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