Bill Groneman
Dawn of the Alamo
Painting, Dawn at the Alamo, by Henry Arthur McArdle, hanging in the Senate Chamber of the Texas State Capitol in Austin, Texas. Courtesy of the Library of Congress. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Alamo soldiers' grave
Photograph, Grave of those killed at the Alamo, including Anthony Wolf and his two sons. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

WOLF, ANTHONY (1782–1836). Anthony Wolf, Alamo defender, was born on February 17, 1782, probably in Spain. Sources about his early life are contradictory. Several historians have speculated that Wolf was Jewish and emigrated to Texas from England, but to date no firm evidence of this connection has surfaced. He apparently settled in the Louisiana-Texas territory prior to 1818 and was employed as an Indian scout and interpreter. On September 15 of that year he was sent as an emissary to the Wichita Indians on the Brazos River. On October 6, 1822, he traveled to Nacogdoches, Texas, where he was introduced to Governor José Félix Trespalacios by James Dill. Dill described Wolf as having been "Born and raised a Spanish subject...." One month later Wolf accompanied José Antonio Mexía on an expedition to treat with the Cherokee Indians. Prior to the Texas Revolution he went through a long illness and convalesced at the home of John W. Hall at Washington-on-the-Brazos. Wolf served in the Alamo garrison as a member of Capt. William R. Carey's artillery company and died in the battle of the Alamo on March 6, 1836. At the time of his death he was accompanied by two sons, aged eleven and twelve. Susanna Wilkerson Dickinson, an Alamo survivor, later stated that a defender named "Wolff" asked the Mexicans for clemency, but was killed. His two young sons were killed in a room with Alamo survivors, their bodies removed on bayonets. In 1841 Mary V. (Durst) Tauzin filed for one league and labor of land, claiming that she was Wolf's widow. She was apparently denied the claim, and David S. Kaufman was named the administrator of Wolf's estate.


Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Muster Rolls of the Texas Revolution (Austin, 1986). Carolyn Reeves Ericson, comp., Citizens and Foreigners of the Nacogdoches District, 1809–1836 (2 vols., Nacogdoches, Texas: Ericson, 1981). Grant Foreman, Indians and Pioneers (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1936). Sanford Charles Gladden, Durst and Darst Families of America (Boulder, Colorado, 1969). Natalie Ornish, Pioneer Jewish Texans (Dallas: Texas Heritage, 1989). Worth Stickley Ray, Austin Colony Pioneers (Austin: Jenkins, 1949; 2d ed., Austin: Pemberton, 1970). San Antonio Express, February 24, 1924.

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Bill Groneman, "WOLF, ANTHONY," accessed June 15, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fwo44.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on June 14, 2016. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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