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Lisa C. Maxwell

WINANS, HENRY MORGAN, SR. (1893–1965). Henry Morgan Winans, physician and teacher, son of Henry Sample and Florence Adelaide (Morgan) Winans, was born on October 13, 1893, in Denver, Colorado. He received his bachelor's degree at Stanford University in 1916 and his M.D. at Johns Hopkins in 1919. During World War I he served in the navy. On December 19, 1918, he married Judith Terrell Hawley, and they had three children. Winans set up a private practice in Dallas in 1920 and, except for a tour of military duty overseas during World War II, worked there until the day before his death. He was successful as an educator and received many awards and honors, including an honorary doctorate from Baylor University in 1945 and the Marchman award for medical education in 1957. Winans began as instructor of medicine in 1921 at Baylor University School of Medicine in Dallas. By 1929 he was a full professor. He was chairman of the medical department until 1943, when Baylor University School of Medicine was moved to Houston. When Southwestern Medical College (now the University of Texas Southwestern Medical School at Dallas) took over the Dallas campus, Winans remained as professor of medicine. During World War II he served as lieutenant of the Fifty-sixth (Baylor) Evacuation Hospital in the Africa, Naples-Foggia, and Rome-Arno campaigns. He was in charge of 70,000 patients and taught his staff and young doctors how to reduce mortality rates in field hospitals. For their wartime work the student doctors received scholastic credit. Winans received several military awards for his service, including an army commendation ribbon and a selective service medal. In 1944 he returned to Southwestern Medical College and called for a major revamping of medical-school programs. In 1946 Winans became professor of clinical medicine and history of medicine, a post in which he continued until 1952. While teaching and running his private practice he was also chief of staff at Baylor Hospital, from 1929 to 1955. He served seven terms on the Baylor Hospital Medical Board, an unprecedented tenure. He continued to work as professor emeritus from 1952 until his retirement in 1955. Afterward, he returned to his private practice and medical societies near his home in Dallas. Winans was a founding member of the Ho-Din Medical Society and a member of the American Medical Association, the Southern Medical Association, and the Texas Academy of Science, as well as Beta Theta Pi, Nu Sigma Nu, Phi Beta Kappa, and Alpha Omega Alpha. He loved to fly and received his private license in 1933. He published articles in the Dallas Morning News and Harper's Magazine on such diverse subjects as flying, growing mushrooms, and medicine. He died in Dallas on March 14, 1965.


Sam Hanna Acheson, Herbert P. Gambrell, Mary Carter Toomey, and Alex M. Acheson, Jr., Texian Who's Who, Vol. 1 (Dallas: Texian, 1937). Lana Henderson, Baylor University Medical Center (Waco: Baylor University Press, 1978). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Who Was Who in America, Vol. 4.

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Lisa C. Maxwell, "WINANS, HENRY MORGAN, SR.," accessed July 13, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fwiaq.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on April 1, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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