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WICKELAND, HEINRICH (ca. 1833–1864). Heinrich (Henry) Wickeland, surveyor and civil engineer, was born about 1833 in Germany and educated as a civil engineer. He was in Texas by the summer of 1856, when he was one of four chief surveyors on Jacob De Cordova's expedition to Northwest Texas to explore the Canadian River valley. Wickeland subsequently published three articles in the 1860 Texas Almanac, "Panhandle of Texas," "Descriptions of New Counties," and "Unsettled Regions on the Western Limits of Texas." He was a purchaser of the Southern Pacific Railroad Company and surveyed donated state land. Apparently he lived in Marshall for some years. Wickeland was a member of a group of citizens who favored a Confederate convention to nominate state officials. He enlisted in the Confederate Army in June 1862 and became a captain in the Pioneer Company of Thomas N. Waul's legion. Captain Wickeland died of yellow fever on October 4, 1864, in Galveston.


Clarksville Northern Standard, June 19, 1858. Dallas Herald, April 24, 1861, October 8, 1864. S. W. Geiser, "Men of Science in Texas, 1820–1880," Field and Laboratory 26 (January 1958) through 27 (October 1959). Texas Republican, October 14, 1864. Sue Watkins, ed., One League to Each Wind: Accounts of Early Surveying in Texas (Austin: Texas Surveyors Association Historical Committee, 1964?).


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"WICKELAND, HEINRICH," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed March 27, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.