While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Raleigh R. White IV

WHITE, RALEIGH R., JR. (1872–1917). Raleigh R. White, Jr., surgeon, was born on December 10, 1872, the son of Rev. Raleigh and Mrs. White, in Cottonplant, Mississippi, near the site of the present town of Tupelo. His father was a Baptist circuit rider and revival preacher. The family moved to Texas in 1881 and settled on a small farm near Lockhart. Working the farm fell increasingly on the shoulders of young White, the eldest son. After a drought destroyed his first year's cotton crop, he became determined to seek an education. White entered Baylor University and supported himself by working in a livery stable. After graduating, he was accepted at Tulane University College of Medicine, and while working in the Cotton Exchange in New Orleans, he completed his course of study and graduated with an M.D. degree in 1891, before he was twenty-one years old. Immediately after graduation White associated with a Dr. Shaw in Cameron, Texas. He became acquainted with Dr. Arthur Carroll Scott of Temple, Texas, and in 1895 passed a competitive examination offered by Dr. Scott for a position of house surgeon in the new Santa Fe Hospital in Temple. On December 29, 1897, Scott and White became full partners and joint chief surgeons for the Santa Fe Railroad. In 1898 Scott and White and the members of the Kings' Daughters' Circle established the Kings' Daughters' Hospital in Temple. This association lasted for six years, and in 1904 they resigned from Kings' Daughters' and established the Temple Sanitarium. They established a school of nursing at the sanitarium and continued to take care of the Santa Fe workers in addition to their growing private practice. White was a charter member of the Texas Surgical Society and at the founding meeting introduced the resolution condemning fee splitting among physicians. He was a fellow of the American College of Surgeons and a member of the Texas Medical Association. White was a director of the City National Bank, later the First Republic Bank of Temple, and a member of the First United Methodist Church. On May 19, 1903, White married Annie May Campbell; they had three children. White died of a heart attack on March 2, 1917, at the age of forty-five. After his death the Temple Sanitarium was renamed Scott and White Memorial Hospital.

Bell County Historical Commission, Story of Bell County, Texas (2 vols., Austin: Eakin Press, 1988). Dayton Kelley, With Scalpel and Scope: A History of Scott and White (Waco: Texian Press, 1970). George Plunkett [Mrs. S. C.] Red, The Medicine Man in Texas (Houston, 1930). Waco Times-Herald, March 2, 1917.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Raleigh R. White IV, "WHITE, RALEIGH R., JR.," accessed June 06, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fwh27.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...