While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Robert Wooster

WHITE, MATTHEW G. (1775–ca. 1830). Matthew G. White, early Texas settler, surveyor, and alcalde of the Atascosito District, son of John and Mary White, was born in Charlotte County, Virginia, in 1775. He and his wife, Lucy (Price) White, moved to Mississippi, where they established a plantation near Liberty, the county seat of Amite County. White and his son-in-law, Hugh B. Johnston, were among the leaders of a contingent of immigrants to Texas in 1825. White claimed a league of Atascosito District land on the east bank of the Trinity River in what is now part of the city of Liberty. The 1826 census listed him as a farmer and stockraiser. As was the case for many other area residents, however, the Mexican government did not immediately recognize his claim. This led White to join a number of local settlers in petitioning Mexican president Anastasio Bustamante for action in the matter in 1827. Despite his grievances, White was alcalde of the Atascosito District in 1829–30. White drowned in Self's Bayou in late 1830 or early 1831. He had twelve children; James B. Woods and Hugh B. Johnston married two of his daughters. Mexico finally recognized White's land claim in 1831, and the area was subsequently found to have large quantities of oil. In 1976 the Liberty Bicentennial celebration commemorated White's prerevolutionary grant with a marker.

Miriam Partlow, Liberty, Liberty County, and the Atascosito District (Austin: Pemberton, 1974).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Robert Wooster, "WHITE, MATTHEW G.," accessed July 04, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fwh25.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...