While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Scott Roper

WALKER, DARTHULA ADALINE (1880–1971). Darthula Adaline Walker, geographer and educator, was born on December 15, 1880, in Columbia, Tennessee. The daughter of John E. and Melvin (Williams) Walker, as a teenager she moved with her family to Cleburne, Texas. After completing her high school education, she taught for two years in rural Tennessee, then taught high school Latin and science in Cleburne from 1906 to 1914 and in Dallas from 1916 to 1918. During World War I she served as a researcher for the United States Shipping Board. She attended George Peabody College for Teachers, earning a bachelor's degree in 1916 and a master's degree in 1919. While completing her master's degree she taught geography at Mississippi State Teachers College for Women, then taught in the geography department Sam Houston State Teachers College (now Sam Houston State University) in Huntsville. In 1920 Walker became the first trained geographer to serve on the faculty at West Texas State Normal College (now West Texas A&M University) in Canyon, establishing and chairing the Department of Geography and serving as associate professor until 1951. She traveled extensively in support of her work, touring much of Europe, Asia, North and South America, the Pacific islands, and parts of Africa. In 1930–31 she represented West Texas State Teachers College as professor of geography for the Floating University's Round the World Tour. She also continued her graduate education in geography, studying at California, Chicago, Clark, Colorado, Northwestern, Texas, Vanderbilt, and other institutions throughout her professional career. With Harriet Smith, Walker co-authored The Geography of Texas (1923), and she contributed articles and chapters about Texas geography to numerous other publications, including the Yearbook of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers and W. R. McConnell's United States in the Modern World (1935). She died on May 15, 1971, in Columbia, Tennessee.

Joseph A. Hill, More than Brick and Mortar (Amarillo: Russell Stationery, 1959). Joseph A. Hill and A. Garland Adair, Texas Heritage: Profiles of Pioneers and Heroes of Education Under Texas Skies (Austin: Texas Heritage, 1962). Notable Women of the Southwest (Dallas: Tardy, 1938). The Prairie (1920–51). West Texas State Teachers College Bulletin (1920–51). Who's Who in American Education (1941–42).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Scott Roper, "WALKER, DARTHULA ADALINE," accessed July 05, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fwabx.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...