While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Mary L. Cox

WAYLAND, J. H. (1863–1948). J. H. Wayland, physician, Baptist religious leader, and founder of Wayland Baptist College was born in Randolph County, Missouri, on April 22, 1863. He attended Central College of Missouri and graduated from the Kentucky School of Medicine. He moved to Texas in 1883. On December 27, 1883, he married Sarah Frances Tucker at Weatherford, Texas. After practicing medicine in Parker and Hunt counties, he moved to Plainview in April 1891. There his practice covered a radius of 250 miles of unbroken territory, with no roads across the prairie. He owned and operated the Wayland Drug Store and continued his medical practice at Plainview for thirty years. He founded the Wayland Baptist College with a gift of thirty acres of land from his ranch and $100,000 in cash. Dr. Wayland worked to secure the building of a railroad into Plainview and was active in all community projects. After retiring from his medical practice, he built and operated the Wayland Hotel. He died in Plainview on February 6, 1948, survived by his widow, two sons, and four daughters.


Files, Wayland Baptist University Library. Isaac Edgar Gates, Watching the World Go By (Nashville: Southern Baptist Convention, 1930). Marker Files, Texas Historical Commission, Austin. Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Mary L. Cox, "WAYLAND, J. H.," accessed July 08, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fwa78.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on February 22, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...