While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Helen Gomer Schluter

WARRINER, PHANUEL WARNER (ca. 1798–1879). Phanuel Warner Warriner, minister and missionary, was born in Wilbraham, Massachusetts, on March 17, 1798 (or 1799). He received a B.S. degree from Hamilton College in Clinton, New York, in 1826 and a theological degree from Andover Theological Seminary in Newton Center, Massachusetts, in 1829; he was ordained to the ministry in the Park Presbyterian Church in Boston on September 24, 1829. He was married to Apphia Garrison of New Hampshire on September 28, and the same year he became the first settled pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Monroe, Michigan Territory, where he remained until 1834. From then until 1839 he was pastor of the Presbyterian congregation in White Pigeon, St. Joseph County. Warriner moved to the Republic of Texas about 1840 to serve as a representative of the American Home Missionary Society in Sabine, San Augustine, and Jasper counties. He preached at various places in the area until he became the regular pastor of the Presbyterian church in San Augustine in 1844. Soon after his arrival he became a teacher in the chartered, nonsectarian University of San Augustine, and he also served as head of the Ladies' Academy of the university. He, along with Marcus A. Montrose, John May Becton, and J. H. McKnight, formed the Presbytery of Eastern Texas on February 4, 1843, and agreed to "cooperate with the trustees of the university with their advice, sanction, and protection." This move by the Presbyterian leaders caused a conflict with the Methodists, who then organized a school of their own, the Wesleyan Male and Female College. The rivalry between the two schools led to the ultimate closing of both in 1847 and the subsequent formation of the nondenominational University of Eastern Texas. That same year Warriner took a leading part in the establishment of the Masonic lodge in San Augustine. For many years Warriner was the agent for the American Bible Society in Texas and traveled and preached over much of the upper eastern part of the state. After 1863 his health began to fail, and he was no longer active in the missionary field. At the time of the Sabine County census of 1850 Warriner was fifty-two, his wife was forty-four, and they had four children. Warriner died in Tyler on November 3, 1879.


George L. Crocket, Two Centuries in East Texas (Dallas: Southwest, 1932; facsimile reprod. 1962). Dan Ferguson, "The Antecedents of Austin College," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 53 (January 1950). William Tellis Parmer, A Centennial History of Sexton Lodge (Milam, Texas: Sexton Lodge, 1960). Jessie Guy Smith, Heroes of the Saddle Bags: A History of Christian Denominations in the Republic of Texas (San Antonio: Naylor, 1951).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Helen Gomer Schluter, "WARRINER, PHANUEL WARNER," accessed May 30, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fwa60.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on February 22, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...