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Randolph B. Campbell
Grave of John Wahrenberger
Photograph, Grave of John Wahrenberger in Austin. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

WAHRENBERGER, JOHN (1812–1864). John Wahrenberger, early Austin resident, was born in Switzerland on March 16, 1812. He immigrated to the United States in 1836, lived in New Orleans for three years, and in 1839 moved to Austin, Texas, where he worked for a time as gardener for Louis P. Cooke. In October 1841 Wahrenberger was attacked by hostile Native Americans while returning home with a sack of meal. An arrow pierced his arm, which left him crippled for the remainder of his life. In December 1842 Wahrenberger learned that messengers were approaching Austin to transfer the Republic of Texas archives to the temporary capital at Washington-on-the-Brazos. He hastened back to Austin to give the alarm for the so-called Archives War and was a member of the group of men who forced the return of the archives to Austin. He owned a bakery, a hotel and cafe, and considerable Austin real estate. His fellow citizens called him "Dutch John." He married Caroline Klein on May 11, 1848, and they had five children, three of whom lived to adulthood. Wahrenberger died near Austin on March 9, 1864, and was buried at Oakwood Cemetery.


Austin American, October 8, 1931. John Henry Brown, Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas (Austin: Daniell, 1880; reprod., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). History of Texas, Together with a Biographical History of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson Counties (Chicago: Lewis, 1893). J. W. Wilbarger, Indian Depredations in Texas (Austin: Hutchings, 1889; rpt., Austin: State House, 1985).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Randolph B. Campbell, "WAHRENBERGER, JOHN," accessed April 05, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fwa10.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on July 10, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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