Since its original printing in 1952, the publication of the Handbook of Texas has been made possible through the support of its users. As an independent nonprofit, TSHA relies on your contributions to close the funding gap for the online Handbook and keep it a freely accessible resource for users worldwide. Please make a donation today to preserve the most comprehensive encyclopedic resource on Texas history. Donate Today »


Charles K. Phillips

VOIGT, FREDERICK (1825–1880). Frederick Voigt, Nacogdoches civic leader, state senator, and Texas state custodian of public property, son of Frederick William and Wilhelmina Voigt, was born on September 4, 1825, in Germany. Accompanied by his brother William, he immigrated to Texas before 1849. In that year, in partnership with Thomas Rimmele, a baker, he bought land from empresario Haden Edwards on Lanana Bayou south of Nacogdoches, on which was a water-operated grist and saw mill. His sister Mary, brother Henry, and parents, all born in Germany, were also in Nacogdoches. The parents died in Jefferson, Texas. Voigt married Elizabeth Holloway on December 19, 1855; they had three children. After Elizabeth Voigt died in 1866, Voigt married Elizabeth Muirhead Howell Hancock in 1868; they had a daughter. Voigt served three times as mayor, was worshipful master of Milam Lodge No. 2 of the Masonic order, and was editor and publisher of the Nacogdoches Chronicle; he was a member of the vestry of Christ Episcopal Church and captain of Company B of the Eighth Regiment of the Nacogdoches volunteers during the Civil War. Voigt was also Nacogdoches postmaster (1854–66) and owner-operator of a general merchandise store and freight depot. He was a trustee of Nacogdoches University and superintendent of the Nacogdoches Sunday school. In 1866 he was elected by more than an 80 percent majority to the state Senate from the Third District and was introduced to Governor James W. Throckmorton by a letter of James Harper Starr. Four years later Voigt bought the Starr homestead on North Street when the Starrs moved to Marshall, Texas. He was forced out of the Senate when it was ruled that Confederate officers could not hold elective offices. By 1874 he was back in Austin serving as state librarian and in charge of all public property; he reported to the governor the condition of the Capitol and state buildings and made recommendations for their repair and maintenance. In October 1875 he completed a water well on the Capitol grounds. In an advertisement he offered himself as translator of German and his services in presenting clients' problems to the proper state agencies. On August 25, 1880, while returning to Nacogdoches from Marion, where he was electioneering, Voigt and his horse drowned as he attempted to ford the swollen Angelina River. The spot to this day is referred to as Dutchman's Crossing. He is buried in Oak Grove cemetery.


Carolyn Reeves Ericson, People of Nacogdoches in the Civil War (Lufkin, Texas: Piney Woods Printing, 1980). Archie P. McDonald, By Early Candlelight: The Story of Old Milam (Fort Worth: Masonic Home Press, 1967). F[rederick] Voigt, Report of F. Voigt, in Charge of the Capitol and Other Public Property for the Year 1874 (Houston: Gray, 1874).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Charles K. Phillips, "VOIGT, FREDERICK," accessed June 26, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on February 15, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox