VERNON, JOHN ALEXANDER
VERNON, JOHN ALEXANDER (1831–1891). John Alexander Vernon, county sheriff and Confederate army officer, was born in South Carolina in 1831. In 1850 and 1860 John was a farmer in Webb and Karnes County, respectively, living with the family of Edward and Ann H. Winfield. The presumption is that Ann was either his mother or aunt. In the mid-1850s he served as sheriff of Nueces County.
With the outbreak of Civil War, John A. Vernon volunteered for service in the Confederate Army and received a commission as captain, Company A, Fourth Texas Artillery Battalion on December 10, 1861. The regiment was commanded by Capt. Daniel D. Shea. The Texas Fourth Artillery Battalion under Shea was consolidated with the Eighth Texas Infantry Regiment in February 1863 and placed under the command of Col. Alfred M. Hobby. John A. Vernon and the men of the regiment served along the Texas Gulf Coast during the war and took part in the battles of Corpus Christi on August 16–18, 1862, Lavaca from October 31 to November 1, 1862, and Saint Joseph's Island on May 3, 1863. On May 14, 1864, Vernon received a promotion to major and served at that rank until the end of the war. Vernon and the men of the Eighth Regiment officially surrendered on May 26, 1865, along with the rest of the Trans-Mississippi Department.
After the war he married Mrs. Celestia Shannon of Washington County, Texas, on May 4, 1865 and settled down to run her farm properties. Celestia's daughter by her first marriage, Huldah, lived with them. Active in local government, he served as justice of the peace, and made a run for county sheriff. In 1887 he was called before the United States Congress to testify about election-related murders in Washington County. Major Vernon died on January 1, 1891.
Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas, National Archives and Records Service, Washington. Madison County Historical Commission, A History of Madison County (Dallas: Taylor, 1984). Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas (New York: Facts on File, 1995).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, James A. Hathcock and Bruce Allardice, "VERNON, JOHN ALEXANDER," accessed July 12, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fve23.
Uploaded on April 11, 2011. Modified on August 4, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.