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VERAMENDI, JUAN MARTIN DE
VERAMENDI, JUAN MARTÍN DE (1778–1833). Juan Martín de Veramendi (Veramenda, Beramendi), Mexican governor of Coahuila and Texas, son of María Josefa Granados and Fernando Veramendi, was born in San Fernando de Béxar (San Antonio) on December 17, 1778. He married Josefa Navarro; they became the parents of seven children. Veramendi and Juan José Erasmo Seguínqv met Stephen F. Austin at Natchitoches, Louisiana, on June 21, 1821, and accompanied him to Bexar. In 1822–23 Veramendi served in Bexar as collector of foreign revenue, from which office he was elected as alternate deputy of the Texas Provincial Deputation to the Mexican National Constitutional Congress on September 8, 1823. In 1823 Veramendi obtained a grant of five leagues of land from the ayuntamiento, but when he discovered that the land lay within Green DeWitt's colony, he petitioned for a grant under the colonization law of March 24, 1825, so that he would not be classified as a colonist of the empresario DeWitt. After he renewed his petition for land around 1827, he received a grant of eleven leagues. Veramendi was the first alcalde of Bexar in 1824 and 1825. He was elected vice governor of Coahuila and Texas on September 6, 1830, and was confirmed by the legislature on January 4, 1831. Upon assuming his duties as vice governor, he moved with his family from Bexar to Saltillo. In April 1831, his daughter, Ursula María de Veramendi, married James Bowie. Bowie and Veramendi formed a partnership to establish cotton mills in Saltillo, and Veramendi began to divide his time between Texas and Coahuila. He assumed the office of governor upon the death of José María Letona in 1832 and served until 1833. His administration was favorable to the Anglo-American colonists and therefore unpopular with many of the Mexican groups. In the summer of 1833, while at his summer home at Monclova, he died in a cholera epidemic.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:Vito Alessio Robles, Coahuila y Texas en la época colonial (Mexico City: Editorial Cultura, 1938; 2d ed., Mexico City: Editorial Porrúa, 1978). Eugene C. Barker, ed., The Austin Papers (3 vols., Washington: GPO, 1924–28). Nettie Lee Benson, The Provincial Deputation in Mexico (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1992). Frederick Charles Chabot, With the Makers of San Antonio (Yanaguana Society Publications 4, San Antonio, 1937). Alice Mitchell Wright, An Abstract of Biographical Data in the Texas Supreme Court Reports, 1857–1874 (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1937).
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