While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Raúl A. Ramos

TIENDA DE CUERVO, JOSÉ (?–?). José Tienda de Cuervo served as juez inspector of the colony of Nuevo Santander under Agustín Ahumada y Villalón, Marqués de las Amarillas, in the mid-eighteenth century. As juez, he was commissioned to report on the progress of José de Escandón's colony of Nuevo Santander in 1757. The report, Expedientes relativos á Ynspección y estadística de la Colonia de Santander, contains among other things a detailed description of Laredo, Texas, two years after its founding. Tienda de Cuervo, a resident of Veracruz, was a caballero of the order of Santiago and captain of dragoons of the city. He became governor of the province of Sinaloa a few years after his assignment as juez. Assisting Tienda de Cuervo in the expedition was Agustín López de la Cámara Alta, an engineer and lieutenant colonel in the royal army. The two led a commission that was ordered to visit each settlement in the colony, taking statistics and observations of the people and their land and making recommendations for its future development. They departed from Mexico City on April 1, 1757, and took six months to complete the journey. The inspection touched on a variety of subjects. First, it provided statistics on the demographics of the province as well as a variety of geographical characteristics. It also touched on details of the relations with local Indian groups. It scrutinized the environment of Nuevo Santander with an eye for the potential benefits in agriculture, mining, and shipping. The report mentions the expenses that went into the founding of new settlements, as well as their effect on older settlements. Finally, it makes a variety of recommendations for improving the colonization effort and the profit to be gained from it.


Herbert Eugene Bolton, "Tienda de Cuervo's Ynspección of Laredo, 1757," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 6 (January 1903). Lawrence Francis Hill, José de Escandón and the Founding of Nuevo Santander (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1926).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Raúl A. Ramos, "TIENDA DE CUERVO, JOSE," accessed July 07, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fti19.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on January 22, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...