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THRUSTON, ALGERNON SIDNEY (1801–1864). Algernon Sidney Thruston, soldier and lawyer, was born on May 19, 1801. He married Harriet C. Jacques of St. Louis, Missouri. They resided in Louisville, Kentucky, where Thruston practiced law. George C. Childress recommended Thruston to Stephen F. Austin as a man of quality and a good soldier. Thruston arrived in Houston in September 1837, began practicing law with Henry W. Fontaine, and became involved in local politics. Thruston served as commissary general for the Republic of Texas in 1837 and as quartermaster general in 1838. Sam Houston nominated him for attorney general on November 13, 1838, but Mirabeau B. Lamar became president before the nomination was approved by the Senate, and Thruston never filled the position. He received a headright and bounty certificate from the republic. He was a member of the Masonic Holland Lodge No. 1 of Houston and was a charter member of the Grand Lodge of Texas. He died on March 5, 1864.


James David Carter, Masonry in Texas: Background, History and Influence to 1846 (Waco: Grand Lodge of Texas, 1955). James K. Greer, "The Committee on the Texas Declaration of Independence," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 30, 31 (April, July 1927). Louis Wiltz Kemp Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Telegraph and Texas Register, January 11, September 9, 1837. Amelia W. Williams and Eugene C. Barker, eds., The Writings of Sam Houston, 1813–1863 (8 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1938–43; rpt., Austin and New York: Pemberton Press, 1970).


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"THRUSTON, ALGERNON SIDNEY," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed April 02, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.