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Randolph B. Campbell and Brett J. Derbes
Newspaper Article
Algernon Sidney Thruston's name listed in the Telegraph and Texas Register, 1839. Courtesy of the Portal to Texas History. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Thruston's Grave
Algernon Sidney Thruston's Grave. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.

THRUSTON, ALGERNON SIDNEY (1801–1864). Algernon Sidney Thruston, soldier and lawyer, was born in Louisville, Kentucky, on May 19, 1801, the son of John and Elizabeth (Whiting) Thruston. He married Harriet C. Jacques of St. Louis, Missouri. They resided in Louisville, Kentucky, where Thruston practiced law. George C. Childress recommended Thruston to Stephen F. Austin as a man of quality and a good soldier. By 1835 he was practicing law in Texas, but he raised a company of soldiers and served as colonel. His nephew John M. Thruston served as a second lieutenant in the regular Texas cavalry and died at the battle of the Alamo on March 6, 1836. After the Texas Revolution he relocated to Houston in September 1837, began practicing law with Henry W. Fontaine, and became involved in local politics. Thruston served as commissary general for the Republic of Texas in 1837 and as quartermaster general in 1838. Sam Houston nominated him for attorney general on November 13, 1838, but Mirabeau B. Lamar became president before the nomination was approved by the Senate, and Thruston never filled the position. He received a headright and bounty certificate on July 16, 1845, from the republic for land in Coryell County. He was a member of the Masonic Holland Lodge No. 1 of Houston and was a charter member of the Grand Lodge of Texas. Thruston left Texas in 1850 to live in Florida and Illinois. In 1854 he returned to Daviess County, Kentucky, with his family that eventually grew to six children. He died at Owensboro, Kentucky, on March 5, 1864, and is buried there at the Rosehill Elmwood Cemetery. A town and school in eastern Daviess County, Kentucky, were named in his honor.


James David Carter, Masonry in Texas: Background, History and Influence to 1846 (Waco: Grand Lodge of Texas, 1955). James K. Greer, "The Committee on the Texas Declaration of Independence," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 30, 31 (April, July 1927). Louis Wiltz Kemp Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Messenger-Inquirer (Owensboro, Kentucky), February 14, 1995, December 8, 2016. Telegraph and Texas Register, January 11, September 9, 1837. Amelia W. Williams and Eugene C. Barker, eds., The Writings of Sam Houston, 1813–1863 (8 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1938–43; rpt., Austin and New York: Pemberton Press, 1970).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Randolph B. Campbell and Brett J. Derbes, "THRUSTON, ALGERNON SIDNEY," accessed August 09, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fthgq.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on December 20, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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