While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Margaret Swett Henson

TENORIO, ANTONIO (?–?). Mexican captain Antonio Tenorio, commander at Anahuac, Texas, arrived on Galveston Bay with two officers and thirty-four men in January 1835 with orders from Gen. Martín Perfecto de Cos to establish a customhouse. During its five months there the regiment encountered many difficulties, and Tenorio complained to his superiors. A shortage of boats and artillery made it difficult to stop smuggling, and local merchants refused to furnish the regiment with supplies. The lack of supplies also left the regiment vulnerable to attack from colonists, who were discontented because revenue laws were not enforced consistently. Morale was low among Tenorio's men, many of whom deserted. In June 1835, when Tenorio imprisoned Andrew Briscoe and DeWitt C. Harris for defying customs officials, William B. Travis organized a company of twenty-five men to eject the regiment from the garrison. Travis left Harrisburg on board David Harris's Ohio in hope of arriving at Anahuac before Tenorio's men received reinforcements. His company arrived on June 29, fired one shot, and demanded that Tenorio surrender, but not until Travis ordered an advance did Tenorio comply. The terms of the surrender, arranged on June 30, included a pledge from the Mexican officers that they would not take up arms against Texas. The arms were distributed among the victors, and Tenorio and his men sailed to Harrisburg on the Ohio, where they were ordered to withdraw to Bexar. Travis's actions were later criticized throughout Texas, and for the next several weeks Travis published a card in the Brazoria Texas Republican asking the public to suspend judgment until he had time to make an explanation of his act; this was finally written on September 1 but was never published. Tenorio arrived in San Felipe by July 17 and stayed there for seven weeks. He was ordered by Antonio López de Santa Anna to arrest Lorenzo de Zavala and take him to Mexico, and also to arrest Francis W. Johnson, Robert M. Williamson, Moseley Baker, Travis, and other members of the war party. In September Domingo de Ugartechea ordered him to return to his command at Anahuac.

Eugene C. Barker, "Difficulties of a Mexican Revenue Officer in Texas," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 4 (January 1901). John H. Jenkins, ed., The Papers of the Texas Revolution, 1835–1836 (10 vols., Austin: Presidial Press, 1973).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Margaret Swett Henson, "TENORIO, ANTONIO," accessed June 04, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fte12.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...